Priprema za pismeni zadatak 6. razred

I   Complete the sentences using the past simple form of the verbs in the box.

listen       arrive     finish   travel     carry     stay     walk     belong

  1. Bill and Louise …………… home from school together yesterday.
  2. We …………….. in a nice hotel in Barcelona for five nights.
  3. Tom ……………… to his new CD before he went to sleep.
  4. My uncle ……………….. around Europe for three months.
  5. Alison’s train …………………. at 8.45.
  6. Sadie ……………….. her art project last week.
  7. I ……………….. my clothes in a bag.
  8. That watch is quite old. It ……………… to Dad’s grandfather.

II Complete the sentences using the past simple form of the verbs.

  1. I …………… a very strange dream last night. (have)
  2. We ………………. skiing in France last winter. (go)
  3. After dinner Mike ………………. ready for the concert. (get)
  4. I’m sure I …………….. my keys in my bag this morning. (put)
  5. The journey ………………… 18 hours by train. (take)
  6. Laura ……………….. upstairs and closed her door. (run)
  7. They …………………. to England when they were very young. (come)
  8. I ………………. Tom at the weekend. (see)

III Make sentences. Use the past simple form of the verb.

  1. Maria / sing / three songs at the school concert
  2. They / make / their first record in 2003
  3. Where / you / find / those sunglasses?
  4. I / not write / any emails last night
  5. Ben / buy / some new trainers last week
  6. What time / they / leave / yesterday?
  7. Her parents / not be / at home last night
  8. Who / be / at the door?

IV Complete the questions. Use the past simple form of the verb.

  1. …………………………. a letter to your brother? (you / write)
  2. ………………………………….. this film? (Peter / direct)
  3. …………………………………. at the swimming pool? (your friends / be)
  4. When …………………………………..? (the match / take place)
  5. ……………………………………………. John Lennon? (your mother / meet)
  6. …………………………………….. on television? (Elvis / appear)
  7. Where …………………………………….. on Saturday night? (Sadie / be)
  8. Why ………………………………. your computer? (you / sell)

Priprema za pismeni zadatak 8. razred

1.  Complete the sentences using the Present Perfect Simple.

  1. Joseph _________________ (have) that laptop for two years.
  2. How long _________________ he _________________ (be) at university?
  3. Our next-door neighbours _________________ (not live) here long.
  4. Sophie _________________ (be) in this class since January.
  5. My sister _________________(work) at Pizza Hut for three weeks now.
  6. I _________________(live) here all my life.
  7. He _________________ (not be) married for very long.
  8. They children ………………….. (learn) their lessons.
  9. We …………………. (receive) the letter.
  10. I _________________ (know) Harold since he was a little boy.

2. Complete the following sentences using Will or Going to and the verb given in the brackets.

  1. I ……………………… John tomorrow. (see)
  2. Sandra …………………………… (have) another baby in June.
  3. The train ……………………….. (leave) at half past six tomorrow morning.
  4. This time tomorrow I ………………………….. (swim) in the sea.
  5. We …………………………. (go) to Mexico next summer.
  6. We ……………………… (need) the money on the 15th.
  7. If it rains, the match …………………………….. (cancel)
  8. Don’t phone them now – they ……………………………. (have) dinner.
  9. I am seeing Maria tomorrow. I wonder if she …………………………… (recognize) me.
  10. If you do that again I ……………………….. (break) your neck.

3. Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative).

  1.    My house is ____________(big) than yours.
  2.    This flower is ___________________ (beautiful) than that one.
  3.    This is the ___________________ (interesting) book I have ever read.
  4.    Non-smokers usually live ___________________ (long) than smokers.
  5.    Which is the ___________________ (dangerous) animal in the world?
  6.    A holiday by the sea is ___________ (good) than a holiday in the mountains.
  7.    It is strange but often a coke is ________________ (expensive) than a beer.
  8.    Who is the ___________________ (rich) woman on earth?
  9.    The weather this summer is even_______________ (bad) than last summer.
  10.    He was the ___________________ (clever) thief of all.

4. The First Conditional. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets.

  1. I …………….….. (phone) Sally if I get home early.
  2. If I have a big lunch, I …………….……. (not eat) this evening.
  3. If you …….…… (give) me your phone number, I …………..….. (call) you.
  4. If there aren’t any tables inside, we ……………….… (sit) outside.
  5. If you ……….….. (run) very fast, you ………….…….. (catch) the bus.

London

What do you know about the capital of England and the UK?

Watch this video and find out.

To learn more about London’s past, present and future visit
http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/uk-now/video-uk/city-london

There you will find a video which is a part of Word on the Street series co-produced by the BBC and the British Council. After watching the video you can do some follow-up activities to check your understanding.

The UK

What do you know about the United Kingdom?

England_vs_the_United_Kingdom

Take a look at this PowerPoint presentation and learn some basic information about this country. Great Britain presentation

IN-0913_UW_EMER_Map_United_Kingdom

If you want to learn more about the UK, you can visit
http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/uk-now/video-uk/four-nations

There you will find a video which is a part of Word on the Street series co-produced by the BBC and the British Council. After watching the video you can do some follow-up activities to check your understanding.

Games

Playing games can help you to improve your vocabulary at the same time. So, have a break from your studies, relax and check out the games.

Sushi Spell

How many words can you Sushi Spell in two minutes? Check your spelling with this interesting spelling game.

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/study-break/games/sushi-spell

Wordshake

This is another game that can be used check your spelling and vocabulary.

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/study-break/games/wordshake

Pic-your-wits

This is an interesting game where you have to guess as many pictures as you can in 20 seconds. The faster you guess, the more you score. A really fun way to learn vocabulary!

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/study-break/games/pic-your-wits

Passive voice exercises

Here you will find some exercises to practise the use of passive voice.

1. Change the following sentences into passive voice

1.    The children laughed at the beggar.
2.    They elected him chairman.
3.    One should keep one’s promises.
4.    When will you return the book?
5.    Somebody has picked my pocket.
6.    Circumstances obliged me to agree.
7.    I saw him stealing the watch.
8.    We must listen to his words.
9.    Who broke this window?
10.    One cannot gather grapes from thistles.
11.    People regarded him as an impostor.
12.    Do not insult the weak and the oppressed.
13.    They refused him admittance.
14.    The doctor despaired of his recovery.
15.    The manager will issue you a ticket.
16.    He handed her a parcel.
17.    They asked me my name.
18.    We will execute all orders promptly.
19.    People all over the world speak English.
20.    They saw the storm approaching.

2. Rewrite the following sentences so that the verbs will be in the active voice.

1.    We are taught grammar by Ms Sullivan.
2.    He was praised by the teacher.
3.    The injured were taken to the hospital by the firemen.
4.    The town was destroyed by an earthquake.
5.    The teacher was pleased with the boy’s work.
6.    The building was damaged by the fire.
7.    By whom were you taught French?
8.    You will be given a ticket by the manager.
9.    The streets were thronged with spectators.
10.    We will be blamed by everyone.
11.    The trees were blown down by the wind.
12.    The thieves were caught by the police.
13.    The letter was posted by Alice.
14.    We were received by the hostess.
15.    The snake was killed with a stick.
16.    The minister was welcomed by the people.
17.    He was found guilty of murder.
18.    This house was built by John Mathews in 1991.

3. Fill in the blanks with suitable verb forms.

1.    The house ———————- by the masons.

a)    Is being built
b)    Has being built
c)    Is been built
d)    Is being building

2.    The city ———————-

a)    Has captured
b)    Has been captured
c)    Was been captured
d)    Had captured

3.    The boy ——————- for his honesty.

a)    Was been rewarded
b)    Has been rewarded
c)    Had rewarded
d)    Has been rewarding

4.    It —————– that honesty is the best policy.

a)    Was said
b)    Is said
c)    Is being said
d)    Has said

5.    Promises should —————-

a)    Be kept
b)    Be keeping
c)    Have kept
d)    Have been keeping

6.    It is time for the match ——————-

a)    To play
b)    To be played
c)    Is played
d)    Has been played

7.    I expect her ——————— by you.

a)    To be helped
b)    To help
c)    To have been helped
d)    Should be helped

8.    I want the work ——————— by noon.

a)    To finish
b)    To be finished
c)    Be finished
d)    To have been finished

9.    He ——————— by his own friends.

a)    Is been deceived
b)    Is being deceived
c)    Has being deceived
d)    Is deceiving

10.    The plan —————— by the committee.

a)    Has approved
b)    Has been approved
c)    Is been approved
d)    Had approved

11.    Have my orders —————— by you?

a)    Been carried out
b)    Be carried out
c)    Was carried out
d)    Being carried out

12.    The story was eagerly ———————-

a)    Listened to
b)    Been listened to
c)    Been listening to
d)    Listening to

13.    By whom was this piece of composition ——————–

a)    Been written
b)    Written
c)    Have been written
d)    Wrote

14.    Do not ———————- by failure.

a)    Be daunted
b)    Been daunted
c)    Daunted
d)    Daunt

15.    America ——————– by Columbus.

a)    Was discovered
b)    Discovered
c)    Had discovered
d)    Has discovered

16.    The tree —————— in the storm.

a)    Uprooted
b)    Was uprooted
c)    Had uprooted
d)    Has uprooted

17.    Our lives ——————— in anticipation.

a)    Are spent
b)    Are spend
c)    Was spent
d)    Have spend

18.    The wounded ———————– home by the firemen.

a)    Was carried
b)    Were carried
c)    Have carried
d)    Had carried

4. Fill in the blanks with suitable verb forms.

1.    The work ————————- by me.

a)    Has completed
b)    Has been completed
c)    Have been completed
d)    Have completed

2.    The patient is —————– after by the nurse.

a)    Looked
b)    Being looked
c)    Looking
d)    Been looked

3.    My pen —————— by somebody yesterday.

a)    Has stolen
b)    Has been stolen
c)    Was stolen
d)    Stolen

4.    The sparrows —————— by the old woman.

a)    Were being fed
b)    Have been feeding
c)    Were feeding
d)    Has been feeding

5.    The committee ——————– an unrealistic policy.

a)    Has adopted
b)    Has been adopted
c)    Was adopted
d)    Is adopted

6.    You ———————– to come with me.

a)    Are requesting
b)    Are requested
c)    Were requesting
d)    Have been requesting

7.    Let the door ——————–

a)    Be opened
b)    Been opened
c)    Is opened
d)    Was opened

8.    The thief ——————- red-handed by the policemen.

a)    Is catching
b)    Caught
c)    Had caught
d)    Was caught

9.    She had ——————- her work before sunset.

a)    Been finishing
b)    Been finished
c)    Finished
d)    Finishing

10.    His behavior ——————- me.

a)    Was surprised
b)    Surprising
c)    Surprised
d)    Was being surprised

11.    The field ——————- by the farmers.

a)    Is being ploughed
b)    Has being ploughed
c)    Has ploughed
d)    Had ploughed

12.    This book ———————– by John.

a)    Was brought
b)    Was bringing
c)    Brought
d)    Has brought

13.    Let this rubbish —————– away.

a)    Be thrown
b)    Is thrown
c)    Was thrown
d)    Has thrown

14.    Your failures ———————– by anybody.

a)    Will not be shared
b)    Will not been shared
c)    Will not shared
d)    Will not been sharing

15.    You ——————— by me in every way.

a)    Will be helped
b)    Will be helping
c)    Will helping
d)    Will have helped

16.    I offered him a chance and he ——————– it.

a)    Has grabbed
b)    Grabbed
c)    Was grabbing
d)    Was grabbing

17.    No survivors ——————

a)    Could be finding
b)    Could be found
c)    Was finding
d)    Had found

18.    The child ——————- by the speeding car.

a)    Has run over
b)    Was run over
c)    Was been run over
d)    Run over

Read more at http://www.englishpractice.com/quiz/active-passive-voice-quiz/#oC1vYADOAJdGoFwl.99

Halloween

 What do you know about Halloween? Do you celebrate it in your country?

vector-cute-halloween-illustration_53-15081

Halloween  is a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries on 31st October. Like many other holidays, Halloween has evolved and changed throughout history. Over 2,000 years ago people called the Celts lived in what is now Ireland, the UK, and parts of Northern France. November 1st was their New Year’s Day. They believed that the night before the New Year (October 31st) was a time when the living and the dead came together.

More than a thousand years ago the Christian church named November 1st All Saints Day (also called All Hallows). This was a special holy day to honor the saints and other people who died for their religion. The night before All Hallows was called Hallows Eve. Later the name was changed to Halloween.

Like the Celts, the Europeans of that time also believed that the spirits of the dead would visit the earth on Halloween. They worried that evil spirits would cause problems or hurt them. So on that night people wore costumes that looked like ghosts or other evil creatures. They thought if they dressed like that, the spirits would think they were also dead and not harm them.

The tradition of Halloween was carried to America by the immigrating Europeans. These days Halloween is not usually considered a religious holiday. It is primarily a fun day for children. Children dress up in costumes like people did a thousand years ago. But instead of worrying about evil spirits, they go from house to house. They knock on doors and say “trick or treat.” The owner of each house gives candy or something special to each trick or treater.

In the UK Halloween traditions are very much alive and popular, especially amongst kids and teenagers, and some of the most common are:
Jack ‘o lanterns (Pumpkin lanterns)
Jack 'o lanterns

Jack ‘o lanterns

These are pumpkins with the inside removed and a nose, eyes and mouth cut into one side. A candle is placed inside the empty pumpkin and the light creates a scary face effect. In the past people used potatoes or turnips to make lanterns but nowadays pumpkins are more popular. People use pumpkin lanterns to decorate their homes at Halloween.

Apple bobbing

Bobbing for apples

Bobbing for apples

To play this game, lots of apples are placed in a large tub or bowl of water. The competitors have to take a bite from one of the apples without using their hands. To make this more difficult, the competitors have their eyes covered with a scarf. You are not allowed to use the sides of the bowl to help you bite the apple. This game often involves getting very wet so it’s a good idea to bring a towel!

Dressing up

People of all ages dress up on Halloween. The most popular fancy dress costumes include witches, vampires, ghosts, skeletons, zombies or monsters. You can buy a costume from a shop or you can make your own costume at home. It’s easy to make a ghost costume from an old white sheet or wear black clothes to look like a witch.

Trick or treating

Children Trick-or-treatingtrickortreat

Children dress up and then visit the houses in their neighbourhood asking for a ‘trick or treat’. The neighbour gives them sweets or money as a ‘treat’. If there is no treat, the children play a trick on the neighbour, for example they might throw soap at the window. Some people think that playing tricks is unkind but luckily there is nearly always a treat! This custom is imported from the USA and is more popular with young people than with adults. Young children usually go trick or treating with parents or with an older brother or sister.

Find more about Halloween and practice Halloween vocabulary on http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/node/1004

The Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense connects the present to the past. It describes an action that happened in the past and goes right to the present moment. The time of occurrence of the action is not mentioned. Usually, the time is not important or is not necessary to know. It is the result of the action that matters.

(Present Perfect Tens povezuje sadašnjost i prošlost. Iskazuje radnju koja se dogodila u prošlosti i traje do sadašnjeg momenta. Vreme kada se radnja desila ne navodi se zbog toga što nije bitno ili nije neophodno da se zna kada se radnja dogodila. Rezultat the radnje je važan)

The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have (has) and the past participle of a verb (which can be a regular or irregular).

(Present Perfect se gradi od sadašnjeg vremena pomoćnog glagola have (has) i participa prošlog glavnog glagola (glagol može biti pravilan ili nepravilan)

To Walk, present perfect
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I have walked I haven’t walked Have I walked?
You have walked You haven’t walked. Have you walked?
He, she, it has walked He, she, hasn’t walked Has he, she, it walked?
We have walked We haven’t walked Have we walked?
You have walked You haven’t walked Have you walked?
They have walked They haven’t walked Have they walked?

Use (Upotreba)

We use the present perfect tense:

  • for something that started in the past and continues in the present:
  • (za radnju koja je počela u prošlosti i nastavlja se u sadašnjosti)

They’ve been married for nearly fifty years.
She has lived in Liverpool all her life.

  •  for something we have done several times in the past and continue to do:
  • (za radnju koja je ponavljana u prošlosti i nastavlja da se ponavlja)

I’ve played the guitar ever since I was a teenager.
He has written three books and he is working on another one.

We often use a clause with since to show when something started in the past:

(Često koristimo since da bismo pokazali kada je nešto počelo u prošlosti)

I have worked here since I left school.

  • for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of speaking:
  • (za nešto što se dogodilo u prošlosti ali je u trenutku govora važno)

I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys.
Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.

 We use the present perfect of be when someone has gone to a place and returned:

A: Where have you been?
B: I’ve just been out to the supermarket.

A: Have you ever been to San Francisco?
B: No, but I’ve been to Los Angeles.

We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:

(Present Perfect se često koristi sa priloškim odredbama za vreme koje se odnose na blisku prošlost)

just; only just; recently;

Scientists have recently discovered a new breed of monkey.
We have just got back from our holidays.

or adverbials which include the present: (ili priloške odredbe koje uključuju sadašnjost)

ever (in questions); so far; until now; up to now; yet (in questions and negatives)

Have you ever seen a ghost?
Where have you been up to now?
Have you finished your homework yet?
No, so far I’ve only done my history.

Exercises:

I  Complete the sentences using the Present Perfect Simple.

  1. I _________________ (know) Harold since he was a little boy.
  2. Joseph _________________ (have) that laptop for two years.
  3. How long _________________ he _________________ (be) at university?
  4. Our next-door neighbours _________________ 8 not live) here long.
  5. Sophie _________________ (be) in this class since January.
  6. My sister _________________(work) at Pizza Hut for three weeks now.
  7. I _________________(live) here all my life.
  8. He _________________ (not be) married for very long.

II   Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

  1. “How long _________________ he _________________ (be) here?”

“He _________________(be) here for quite some time.”

  1. How long _________________ you and your boyfriend _________________ (be) together?”

“We _________________(be) together for ages.”

  1. “_________________ he _________________(have) that scooter long?”

“No, he _________________(had) it since Friday.”

“How much _________________ it _________________ (cost)?”

“It _________________(cost) a lot of money.”

  1. “How long _________________ your parents _________________(be) divorced?”

“They _________________(not be) divorced for long.”

“When _________________ they _________________ (get) divorced?”

“They _________________ (get) divorced since month ago.”

III  Write questions for the following.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

I’ve been married for five years.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

They’ve had that car for six months.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

She’s known him since they were kids.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

He’s worked here since last year.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

Yes, they have lived here for a long time.

  1. _________________________________________________________________?

He has been sick for a long time.

Britain is Great

If you want to improve your English and learn more about Great Britain, this is the right programme for you.

Britain is Great is a series of twelve videos which show different aspects of the best of Britain. They’re not just about the country, though. There are lots of exercises to help you improve your English. The videos are lively and fast-moving – best if you’re already confident with your English.

This interesting series you can find on http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/britain-great