The Present Perfect Tense connects the present to the past. It describes an action that happened in the past and goes right to the present moment. The time of occurrence of the action is not mentioned. Usually, the time is not important or is not necessary to know. It is the result of the action that matters.
(Present Perfect Tens povezuje sadašnjost i prošlost. Iskazuje radnju koja se dogodila u prošlosti i traje do sadašnjeg momenta. Vreme kada se radnja desila ne navodi se zbog toga što nije bitno ili nije neophodno da se zna kada se radnja dogodila. Rezultat the radnje je važan)
The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have (has) and the past participle of a verb (which can be a regular or irregular).
(Present Perfect se gradi od sadašnjeg vremena pomoćnog glagola have (has) i participa prošlog glavnog glagola (glagol može biti pravilan ili nepravilan)
To Walk, present perfect
|I have walked
||I haven’t walked
||Have I walked?
|You have walked
||You haven’t walked.
||Have you walked?
|He, she, it has walked
||He, she, hasn’t walked
||Has he, she, it walked?
|We have walked
||We haven’t walked
||Have we walked?
|You have walked
||You haven’t walked
||Have you walked?
|They have walked
||They haven’t walked
||Have they walked?
We use the present perfect tense:
- for something that started in the past and continues in the present:
- (za radnju koja je počela u prošlosti i nastavlja se u sadašnjosti)
They’ve been married for nearly fifty years.
She has lived in Liverpool all her life.
- for something we have done several times in the past and continue to do:
- (za radnju koja je ponavljana u prošlosti i nastavlja da se ponavlja)
I’ve played the guitar ever since I was a teenager.
He has written three books and he is working on another one.
We often use a clause with since to show when something started in the past:
(Često koristimo since da bismo pokazali kada je nešto počelo u prošlosti)
I have worked here since I left school.
- for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of speaking:
- (za nešto što se dogodilo u prošlosti ali je u trenutku govora važno)
I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys.
Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.
We use the present perfect of be when someone has gone to a place and returned:
A: Where have you been?
B: I’ve just been out to the supermarket.
A: Have you ever been to San Francisco?
B: No, but I’ve been to Los Angeles.
We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:
(Present Perfect se često koristi sa priloškim odredbama za vreme koje se odnose na blisku prošlost)
just; only just; recently;
Scientists have recently discovered a new breed of monkey.
We have just got back from our holidays.
or adverbials which include the present: (ili priloške odredbe koje uključuju sadašnjost)
ever (in questions); so far; until now; up to now; yet (in questions and negatives)
Have you ever seen a ghost?
Where have you been up to now?
Have you finished your homework yet?
No, so far I’ve only done my history.
I Complete the sentences using the Present Perfect Simple.
- I _________________ (know) Harold since he was a little boy.
- Joseph _________________ (have) that laptop for two years.
- How long _________________ he _________________ (be) at university?
- Our next-door neighbours _________________ 8 not live) here long.
- Sophie _________________ (be) in this class since January.
- My sister _________________(work) at Pizza Hut for three weeks now.
- I _________________(live) here all my life.
- He _________________ (not be) married for very long.
II Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
- “How long _________________ he _________________ (be) here?”
“He _________________(be) here for quite some time.”
- How long _________________ you and your boyfriend _________________ (be) together?”
“We _________________(be) together for ages.”
- “_________________ he _________________(have) that scooter long?”
“No, he _________________(had) it since Friday.”
“How much _________________ it _________________ (cost)?”
“It _________________(cost) a lot of money.”
- “How long _________________ your parents _________________(be) divorced?”
“They _________________(not be) divorced for long.”
“When _________________ they _________________ (get) divorced?”
“They _________________ (get) divorced since month ago.”
III Write questions for the following.
I’ve been married for five years.
They’ve had that car for six months.
She’s known him since they were kids.
He’s worked here since last year.
Yes, they have lived here for a long time.
He has been sick for a long time.